(Charles Chaplin, US 1936, 87 min.)

While his work had always addressed the plight of the downtrodden in contemporary America, Chaplin’s satiric knives were at their sharpest for this masterpiece, his last “silent.” A factory worker who literally gets ground through the gears of his workplace, the Little Tramp then sets out into the world, attempting to escape the effects of mechanization and find a way out of his life of poverty.